For people with a growth mindset, the brain becomes most active when it receives information about what it could do better next time. This is opposed to the result oriented or fixed mindset – whereas the belief is that abilities are fixed, and talent trumps all, etc.
“It is extremely important for parents to to make their feedback process related, as opposed to praising or criticizing talent.” - Josh Waitzkin
Watch this Youtube video to get a better background.
Tedx Manhattan Beach Eduardo Briceno - http://youtu.be/pN34FNbOKXc